Trial by Fire? Rulewriters, Training, the BLM, and EPA

Jeffrey Cook, Sara Rinfret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Individual bureaucrats are ultimately tasked with solving complex problems and are expected to do so cost-effectively. The purpose of this paper is to examine an infrequent perspective of administrative rulemaking–training. Simply put, our goal is to examine original interview data with federal rulewriters in two agencies–the Environmental Protection Agency and the Bureau of Land Management to understand how bureaucrats are trained to carry out rules. This exploratory study suggests the importance of training for the next generation of rulewriters. In particular, we demonstrate existing informal training can be effective, but more mechanisms (e.g. formal training and mentoring) is necessary.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 National Association of Environmental Professionals.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A20-74864


  • BLM
  • EPA
  • regulatory policy
  • Rulemaking
  • training


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