Turf Conversion Measurement and Verification Protocol

Charles Kurnik, Kate Stoughton, Jorge Figueroa, Charles Kurnik (NREL Technical Monitor)

Research output: NRELSubcontract Report


This measurement and verification (M and V) protocol provides procedures for energy service companies (ESCOs) and water efficiency service companies (WESCOs) to determine water savings as a result of water conservation measures (WCMs) in energy performance contracts associated with converting turfgrass or other water-intensive plantings to water-wise and sustainable landscapes. The water savings are determined by comparing the baseline water use to the water use after the WCM has been implemented. This protocol outlines the basic structure of the M and V plan, and details the procedures to use to determine water savings.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages35
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Work performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington and Western Resource Advocates, Boulder, Colorado

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/SR-7A40-70216


  • energy service companies
  • measurement and verification protocol
  • sustainable landscapes
  • turfgrass
  • water conservation measures
  • water efficiency
  • water savings
  • water-intensive
  • water-wise


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