Tutorial of Wind Turbine Control for Supporting Grid Frequency through Active Power Control: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


As wind energy becomes a larger portion of the world's energy portfolio and wind turbines become larger and more expensive, wind turbine control systems play an ever more prominent role in the design and deployment of wind turbines. The goals of traditional wind turbine control systems are maximizing energy production while protecting the wind turbine components. As more wind generation isinstalled there is an increasing interest in wind turbines actively controlling their power output in order to meet power setpoints and to participate in frequency regulation for the utility grid. This capability will be beneficial for grid operators, as it seems possible that wind turbines can be more effective at providing some of these services than traditional power plants. Furthermore,establishing an ancillary market for such regulation can be beneficial for wind plant owner/operators and manufacturers that provide such services. In this tutorial paper we provide an overview of basic wind turbine control systems and highlight recent industry trends and research in wind turbine control systems for grid integration and frequency stability.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 American Control Conference - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 27 Jun 201229 Jun 2012


Conference2012 American Control Conference
CityMontreal, Canada

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5000-54605


  • active power controls
  • control systems
  • grid frequency regulation
  • wind turbine


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