Ultrafast Exciton Many-Body Interactions and Hot-Phonon Bottleneck in Colloidal Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals

Matthew Beard, Anirban Mondal, J. Aneesh, Vikash Ravi, Rituraj Sharma, Wasim Mir, Angshuman Nag, K. Adarsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Defect-tolerant perovskite nanocrystals of the general formula Cs-Pb-X3 (where X=Cl, Br, and I) have shown exceptional potential in fundamental physics as well as in novel optoelectronic applications as the next generation of solar cells. Although exciton many-body interactions such as biexciton Stark shift, state filling, and Auger recombination are studied extensively, other important correlated effects, such as band gap renormalization (BGR) and hot-phonon bottleneck, are not explored in these nanocrystals. Here we experimentally demonstrate the carrier density dependence of the BGR and an effective hot-phonon bottleneck in CsPb(Cl0.20Br0.80)3 mixed-halide nanocrystals. The results are compared with two other halide compositions, namely, CsPbBr3 and CsPb(Br0.55I0.45)3 nanocrystals with varying band gaps. The optical response of the nanocrystals changes dramatically across the spectral range of many hundreds of meV at high carrier density due to large BGR. We have calculated the BGR constant ≈(6.0±0.3)×10-8eV cm for CsPb(Cl0.20Br0.80)3 nanocrystals that provides the amount of band gap shift as a function of carrier density. In these nanocrystals, an efficient hot-phonon bottleneck is observed at a carrier density of 3.1×1017cm-3 that slows down the thermalization by 1 order of magnitude. Our findings reveal that the complex kinetic profile of the exciton dynamics can be analyzed by the global target analysis using the sequential model with increasing lifetimes.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number115418
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume98
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Physical Society. US.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-72530

Keywords

  • excitons
  • ultrafast phenomena

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