Ultralow Thermal Conductivity in Diamond-Like Semiconductors: Selective Scattering of Phonons from Antisite Defects

Prashun Gorai, Vladan Stevanovic, Eric Toberer, Brenden Ortiz, Wanyue Peng, Lidia Gomes, Taishan Zhu, David Smiadak, G. Snyder, Elif Ertekin, Alexandra Zevalkink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus Citations


In this work, we discover anomalously low lattice thermal conductivity (<0.25 W/mK at 300 degrees C) in the Hg-containing quaternary diamond-like semiconductors within the Cu2IIBIVTe4 (IIB: Zn, Cd, Hg) (IV: Si, Ge, Sn) set of compositions. Using high-temperature X-ray diffraction, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, and transport properties, we uncover the critical role of the antisite defects HgCu and CuHg on phonon transport within the Hg-containing systems. Despite the differences in chemistry between Hg and Cu, the high concentration of these antisite defects emerges from the energetic proximity of the kesterite and stannite cation motifs. Our phonon calculations reveal that heavier group IIB elements not only introduce low-lying optical modes, but the subsequent antisite defects also possess unusually strong point defect phonon scattering power. The scattering strength stems from the fundamentally different vibrational modes supported by the constituent elements (e.g., Hg and Cu). Despite the significant impact on the thermal properties, antisite defects do not negatively impact the mobility (>50 cm2/(Vs) at 300 degrees C) in Hg-containing systems, leading to predicted zT > 1.5 in Cu2HgGeTe4 and Cu2HgSnTe4 under optimized doping. In addition to introducing a potentially new p-type thermoelectric material, this work provides (1) a strategy to use the proximity of phase transitions to increase point defect phonon scattering, and (2) a means to quantify the power of a given point defect through inexpensive phonon calculations.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3395-3409
Number of pages15
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-71791


  • phonons
  • semiconductors
  • thermal conductivity


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