Unsupervised Learning for Equitable DER Control: Article No. 110634

Zhenyi Yuan, Guido Cavraro, Ahmed Zamzam, Jorge Cortes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the context of managing distributed energy resources (DERs) within distribution networks (DNs), this work focuses on the task of developing local controllers. We propose an unsupervised learning framework to train functions that can closely approximate optimal power flow (OPF) solutions. The primary aim is to establish specific conditions under which these learned functions can collectively guide the network towards desired configurations asymptotically, leveraging an incremental control approach. The flexibility of the proposed methodology allows to integrate fairness-driven components into the cost function associated with the OPF problem. This addition seeks to mitigate power curtailment disparities among DERs, thereby promoting equitable power injections across the network. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, power flow simulations are conducted using the IEEE 37-bus feeder. The findings not only showcase the guaranteed system stability but also underscore its improved overall performance.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages7
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-90474


  • asymptotic stability
  • DER control
  • equitable control
  • unsupervised learning


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