U.S. Airport Infrastructure and Sustainable Aviation Fuel

Kristi Moriarty, Allison Kvien

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Worldwide, aviation accounts for 2% of all manmade carbon dioxide emissions and 12% of all transportation CO2 emissions In 2018, the U.S. accounted for 25% of the world jet fuel consumption and 21% of global enplanements. Airports and airlines are considering alternative fuel to meet environmental and sustainability goals and mandates. Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), made from non-petroleum feedstocks, has the potential to significantly reduce emissions from air transportation. SAF must be blended with petroleum based jet fuel prior to its use in aircraft. This report explores background information on jet fuel use, quality standards and best practices, airport infrastructure, and options for delivering SAF to airports.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages32
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-78368


  • airlines
  • airports
  • aviation
  • infrastructure
  • SAF
  • sustainable aviation fuel


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