U.S. Balance-of-Station Cost Drivers and Sensitivities (Presentation): NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

Benjamin Maples

Research output: NRELPresentation


With balance-of-system (BOS) costs contributing up to 70% of the installed capital cost, it is fundamental to understanding the BOS costs for offshore wind projects as well as potential cost trends for larger offshore turbines. NREL developed a BOS model using project cost estimates developed by GL Garrad Hassan. Aspects of BOS covered include engineering and permitting, ports and staging,transportation and installation, vessels, foundations, and electrical. The data introduce new scaling relationships for each BOS component to estimate cost as a function of turbine parameters and size, project parameters and size, and soil type. Based on the new BOS model, an analysis to understand the non-turbine costs has been conducted. This analysis establishes a more robust baselinecost estimate, identifies the largest cost components of offshore wind project BOS, and explores the sensitivity of the levelized cost of energy to permutations in each BOS cost element. This presentation shows results from the model that illustrates the potential impact of turbine size and project size on the cost of energy from U.S. offshore wind plants.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NamePresented at the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) Offshore WINDPOWER, 9-11 October 2012, Virginia Beach, Virginia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5000-56480


  • balance of plant materials (BOP)
  • balance of station
  • balance of systems (BOS)
  • BOP
  • BOS
  • COE
  • costs
  • LCOE
  • wind


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