U.S. Solar System Decommissioning Policies

Research output: NRELPresentation


In the United States, cumulative installed utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity reached more than 60 gigawatts (GW)dc at the end of 2020. Federal and state renewable energy and net-zero emissions policies will continue to drive solar development in the United States with installed utility-scale PV projected to quadruple (240 GWdc) by 2030. Although more than 75% of all U.S. installed utility-scale PV came online in the last 5 years, federal, state, and local governments are planning for system decommissioning. Our research found that as of April 2021, one federal agency, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and 15 U.S. states have solar decommissioning policies in place. North Carolina is also in the process of drafting solar decommissioning regulations, and at least 4 states (Maine, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Texas) proposed solar decommissioning bills in the 2021 legislative session. This presentation looks at U.S. federal and state solar decommissioning policies who they apply to, when they apply, the requirements/responsibilities, and what the impacts are.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the Solar Panel Systems Recycling Markets Development Summit, 23 June 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A20-83304


  • circular economy
  • corporate responsibility
  • decommissioning
  • end of performance
  • equipment management
  • photovoltaic
  • PV
  • solar
  • sustainable
  • system
  • United States


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