Utilization and Transport of L-Arabinose by Non-Saccharomyces Yeasts

Eric P. Knoshaug, Mary Ann Franden, Boris U. Stambuk, Min Zhang, Arjun Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus Citations


L-Arabinose is one of the sugars found in hemicellulose, a major component of plant cell walls. The ability to convert L-arabinose to ethanol would improve the economics of biomass to ethanol fermentations. One of the limitations for L-arabinose fermentation in the current engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains is poor transport of the sugar. To better understand L-arabinose transport and use in yeasts and to identify a source for efficient L-arabinose transporters, 165 non-Saccharomyces yeast strains were studied. These yeast strains were arranged into six groups based on the minimum time required to utilize 20 g/L of L-arabinose. Initial transport rates of L-arabinose were determined for several species and a more comprehensive transport study was done in four selected species. Detailed transport kinetics in Arxula adeninivorans suggested both low and high affinity components while Debaryomyces hansenii var. fabryii, Kluyveromyces marxianus and Pichia guilliermondii possessed a single component, high affinity active transport systems.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)729-741
Number of pages13
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2009

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-510-44421


  • L-Arabinose utilization
  • Mutagenesis
  • Non-conventional yeast
  • Sugar transport


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