Validation of Octane Hyperboosting Phenomenon in Prenol and Structurally Related Olefinic Alcohols

Alexander Landera, Eric Monroe, Nicholas Myllenbeck, Joseph Carlson, Anthe George, Christopher Kolodziej, Alexander Hoth, Jon Luecke, Gina Fioroni, Ryan Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hyperboosting is a recently discovered phenomenon in which the research octane number (RON) of a blend is higher than both the neat blendstock and the neat fuel it was blended into. RON is a measure of a fuel's resistance to knock, and knock is a cause of engine inefficiency. Blends which exhibit hyperboosting are blends in which an overall improvement in engine efficiency may be expected. The first discovery of hyperboosting came from blending experiments in which prenol was blended into several different base fuels. Here, ignition delay time (IDT) measurements taken using a commercially available constant volume combustion chamber called the Advanced Fuel Ignition Delay Analyzer (AFIDA) are presented. The data show that some prenol blends have longer IDTs (lower reactivity) than either neat prenol or the base fuel, providing further evidence of hyperboosting. Additionally, more blending data is presented in which the base fuel is varied, which allows for a better understanding of hyperboosting sensitivity to chemical classes. The data indicate that aromatics may inhibit, and branched alkanes may enhance the magnitude of hyperboosting observed. Enthalpy of vaporization estimates are also given for several molecules which are blended into a 4-component surrogate. These estimates are derived from Equation of State simulations and reveal that there is no observable correlation between hyperboosting and enthalpy of vaporization. Blending data for molecules which share structural similarities with prenol are also presented. Structure property relationships are suggested, in which the double bond motif of prenol seems to play an important role in hyperboosting. This may help to understand hyperboosting and its underlying mechanism. Lastly, blending curves of surrogate blends with prenol experienced hyperboosting under lean (Homogeneous Charged Compression Ignition-HCCI) operating conditions, which validates that hyperboosting is not an artifact of the octane test methods, but inherent to the properties of prenol.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number129184
Number of pages10
JournalFuel
Volume353
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-85504

Keywords

  • AFIDA
  • Fuel blending
  • HCCI
  • Hyperboosting
  • MON
  • RON

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