Variable Renewable Energy: A Regulatory Roadmap (Fact Sheet)

Mackay Miller

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


There is not a one-size-fits-all approach to the regulation of variable renewable energy (VRE), but international experience reveals many approaches that are proving successful. Drawing upon research and experiences from various international contexts, the 21st Century Power Partnership in conjunction with the Clean Energy Solutions Center and Clean Energy Regulators Initiative identified keyissues and ideas that have emerged as variable deployment has grown. The Power Partnership research, published in 2014, identified four broad categories of regulatory issues.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2014

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-6A20-63027


  • deployment
  • international best practices
  • international context
  • regulations
  • regulatory issues
  • renewable energy (RE)
  • variable deployment
  • variable renewable energy


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