Vertex Dominated Superconductivity in Intercalated FeSe

Swagata Acharya, Mikhail I. Katsnelson, Mark van Schilfgaarde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus Citations


Bulk FeSe becomes superconducting below 9 K, but the critical temperature (Tc) is enhanced almost universally by a factor of ~4–5 when it is intercalated with alkali elements. How intercalation modifies the structure is known from in-situ X-ray and neutron scattering techniques, but why Tc changes so dramatically is not known. Here we show that there is one-to-one correspondence between the enhancement in magnetic instabilities at certain q vectors and superconducting pairing vertex, even while the nuclear spin relaxation rate 1/(T 1 T) may not reflect this enhancement. Intercalation modifies electronic screening both in the plane and also between layers. We disentangle quantitatively how superconducting pairing vertex gains from each such changes in electronic screening. Intercalated FeSe provides an archetypal example of superconductivity where information derived from the single-particle electronic structure appears to be insufficient to account for the origins of superconductivity, even when they are computed including correlation effects. We show that the five-fold enhancement in Tc on intercalation is not sensitive to the exact position of the d x y at Γ point, as long as it stays close to EF. Finally, we show that intercalation also significantly softens the collective charge excitations, suggesting the electron-phonon interaction could play some role in intercalated FeSe.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle No. 24
Number of pages11
Journalnpj Quantum Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5F00-84151


  • bulk FeSe
  • exfoliation
  • Fermi
  • intercalation
  • superconductivity
  • vertex


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