White Paper: Enabling Regulatory and Business Models for Broad Microgrid Deployment

Owen Zinaman, Joseph Eto, Brooke Garcia, Jhi-Young Joo, Robert Jeffers, Kevin Schneider

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This white paper is one of seven being prepared for the Department of Energy (DOE) Microgrid Research & Development (R&D) program as part of a strategy development effort for the next 10 years. The seven white papers focus on the following areas: 1. Program vision, objectives, and R&D targets in 5 and 10 years, 2. T&D co-simulation of microgrid impacts and benefits, 3. Building blocks for microgrids, 4. Microgrids as a building block for the future grid, 5. Advanced microgrid control and protection, 6. Integrated models and tools for microgrid planning, designs, and operations, 7. Enabling regulatory and business models for broad microgrid deployment. This white paper is focused on Topic 7, as a sustainable regulatory and business environment for microgrid development is a foundational element for securing DOE's vision for the future role of microgrids in the U.S. electric sector. The objective of this white paper is to systematically characterize regulatory issues involved in microgrid deployment and microgrid business models, and from this evidence identify a robust and well-justified set of research recommendations for the Department of Energy Office of Electricity, informing programmatic vision, objectives and activities for the DOE Microgrid R&D Program.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages53
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5R00-84818


  • business models
  • microgrids
  • regulatory models
  • resilience


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