Wind Energy as a Significant Source of Electricity

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    Wind energy is a commercially available renewable energy source, with state-of-the-art wind plants producing electricity at about $0.05 per kWh. However, even at that production cost, wind-generated electricity is not yet fully cost-competitive with coal-or natural-gas-produced electricity for the bulk electricity market. The wind is a proven energy source; it is not resource-limited in theUnited States, and there are no insolvable technical constraints. This paper describes current and historical technology, characterizes existing trends, and describes the research and development required to reduce the cost of wind-generated electricity to full competitiveness with fossil-fuel-generated electricity for the bulk electricity market. Potential markets are described.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages9
    StatePublished - 1995

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-441-8162


    • electricity
    • wind energy
    • wind-generated electricity


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