Wind Farm Layout Optimization with Loads Considerations

Andrew Stanley, Jennifer King, Andrew Ning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus Citations


The objective of this paper is to improve the annual energy production of a wind farm by optimizing the layout of a wind farm, while considering fatigue loads on turbines. In this paper, the loads are estimated using the edgewise bending moment computed using CCBlade, a steady-state blade element momentum code. The edgewise bending moment is then used to calculate fatigue damage using Miner's rule. The fatigue damage is used to constrain the layout optimization problem. We show that our method can predict blade root damage with similar trends to damage calculated with other methods, such as a complex, computationally expensive large-eddy simulation and unsteady aeroelastic code. We also optimize wind farm layouts and show that, for a simple problem with two wind directions and ten turbines, the fatigue damage can be constrained without sacrificing wind farm power production.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle No. 012072
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
StatePublished - 3 Mar 2020
EventNorth American Wind Energy Academy, NAWEA 2019 and the International Conference on Future Technologies in Wind Energy 2019, WindTech 2019 - Amherst, United States
Duration: 14 Oct 201916 Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-74748


  • layout
  • structural loads
  • wind farm optimization


Dive into the research topics of 'Wind Farm Layout Optimization with Loads Considerations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this