Wind LCA Harmonization (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


NREL recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that provides more exact estimates of GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty. This involved a systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale windpower systems in order to determine the causes of life cycle greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and, where possible, reduce variability in GHG estimates.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2013

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-6A20-57131


  • harmonization
  • land-based
  • LCA
  • meta-analysis
  • offshore
  • wind energy
  • wind power
  • wind technologies


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