Wind Tunnel Test of the S814 Thick Root Airfoil

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    The objective of this wind-tunnel test was to verify the predictions of the Eppler Airfoil Design and Analysis Code for a very thick airfoil having a high maximum lift coefficient design to be largely insensitive to leading-edge roughness effects. The 24 percent thick S814 airfoil was designed with these characteristics to accommodate aerodynamic and structural considerations for the root regionof a wind-turbine blade. In addition, the airfoil's maximum lift-to-drag ratio was designed to occur at a high lift coefficient. To accomplish the objective, a two-dimensional wind tunnel test of the S814 thick root airfoil was conducted in January 1994 in the low-turbulence wind tunnel of the Delft University of Technology Low Speed Laboratory, the Netherlands. Data were obtained withtransition free and transition fixed for Reynolds numbers of 0.7, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 3.0 X 10 (sup 6). For the design Reynolds number of 1.5 X 10 (sup 6), the maximum lift coefficient with transition free is 1.32, which satisfies the design specification. However, this value is significantly lower than the predicted maximum lift coefficient of almost 1.6. With transition fixed at the leadingedge, the maximum lift coefficient is 1.22. The small difference in maximum lift coefficient between the transition-free and transition-fixed conditions demonstrates the airfoil's minimal senstivity to roughness effects. The S814 root airfoil was designed to complement existing NREL low maximum-lift-coefficient tip-region airfoils for rotor blades 10 to 15 meters in length.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)217-221
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 1996

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/JA-440-22986


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