Wind Turbine Noise Code Benchmark: A Comparison and Verification Exercise: Preprint

Franck Bertagnolio, Andreas Fischer, Christina Appel, Michaela Herr, Ferdinand Seel, Thorsten Lutz, Koen Boorsma, Gerard Schepers, Miguel Restrepo Botero, Damiano Casalino, Wouter van der Velden, Carlo Sucameli, Pietro Bortolotti

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


In a number of institutions and companies, researchers and engineers are developing modeling numerical frameworks that are used to predict the aerodynamic noise emission from a wind turbine rotor. The simulation codes vary from empirically-tuned engineering models to high-fidelity computational ones. Their common feature is the fact that they all specifically model the main aerodynamic noise mechanisms occurring at the rotating blades, namely trailing edge noise and turbulent inflow noise. Nevertheless, it can be expected that these different modeling frameworks will produce different results for a same given rotor design, and identical operating conditions. Trailing edge noise is put at the forefront of the study as it is recognized as the main audible source of noise from wind turbines. The present benchmark aims at comparing the results from the different modeling approaches, and drawing some conclusions from these comparisons. This effort, denoted as Wind Turbine Noise Code benchmark, was initiated in 2019 as a joint-activity between the IEA Wind Task 39 (Quiet Wind Turbine Technology) and Task 29 (Detailed Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines, now Task 47). In addition to the investigation of the noise emissions themselves, the rotor aerodynamic characteristics are investigated as they have a significant impact on the noise generation mechanisms. A number of test cases are defined and the aerodynamic and aeroacoustic predictions from the various models are compared. There exist some discrepancies between the different methods, but it is difficult to conclude if one methodology is better than another in order to design a wind turbine with noise as a constraint.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages24
StatePublished - 2023
Event10th International Conference on Wind Turbine Noise - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 21 Jun 202323 Jun 2023


Conference10th International Conference on Wind Turbine Noise
CityDublin, Ireland

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5000-85983


  • aeroacoustics
  • IEA Wind Task 39
  • OpenFAST
  • wind turbine noise


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